Orgasmic dysfunction or anorgasmia is a condition which occurs when someone has difficulty attaining orgasm. This problem occurs even when they’re sexually aroused and there’s enough sexual stimulation. When this condition happens in women, it’s called female orgasmic dysfunction. Sometimes, men can too experience orgasmic dysfunction; however, this is much less common.
Orgasms are extreme feelings of release in sexual stimulation. It may differ in intensity, length, and frequency. Orgasms may occur with little sexual stimulation, however, sometimes much more stimulation is required.
There are four types of anorgasmia:
Primary anorgasmia: It is a condition in which you’ve never had an orgasm.
Secondary anorgasmia: In secondary anorgasmia, it becomes difficult attaining orgasm, even though you’ve had one earlier.
Situational anorgasmia: This is the most common type of orgasmic dysfunction. It happens when you can attain orgasm during specific situations, like during oral sex or masturbation.
General anorgasmia: General anorgasmia refers to an inability to attain orgasm under any circumstances, even when you’re highly aroused and sexual stimulation is adequate.
It may be tricky to find out the underlying cause of orgasmic dysfunction. Women may have complexity attaining orgasm because of physical, emotional, or psychological factors. Factors that may contribute to the condition include:
History of gynecological surgeries, like a hysterectomy
Medical conditions, like diabetes, vascular disease, spinal cord injury, and some pelvic conditions
Certain medications, mainly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for depression and medicines taken for high blood pressure, cancer, and heart disease may have sexual side effects that may cause anorgasmia.
Cultural or religious beliefs
Guilt about enjoying sexual activity may occur in women who have been brought up to believe that they shouldn’t enjoy sex.
Past of abuse which can be physical, psychological or sexual often have trouble with orgasm.
Anxiety and depression may cause a woman to feel so anxious about sex that she finds it difficult to relax enough to attain an orgasm.
Relationship issues, like a conflict with her partner, can cause a woman less likely to attain orgasm. This could be because of general relationship problems, mistrust, sexual problems or inability to communicate
Sometimes, a combination of these factors may cause attaining an orgasm difficult. The inability to attain orgasm may lead to distress, which can make it more difficult to attain orgasm in the future.